Civil Procedure Rules of Nova Scotia  
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Part 13 - Family Proceedings

Rule 60A - Child and Adult Protection

Scope of Rule 60A
60A.01 (1) This Rule is divided into four parts and it provides procedure for each of the following:
   
(a)
protection of a child, and other purposes, under the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
protection of an adult, and other purposes, under the Adult Protection Act;
   
(c)
involuntary medical examination under the Involuntary Psychiatric Treatment Act;
   
(d)
review under the Hospitals Act.
  (2) The following kinds of proceedings may be started by filing one of the following notices:
   
(a)
a proceeding under the Children and Family Services Act, by filing a notice of application;
   
(b)
a proceeding under the Adult Protection Act, by filing a notice of application;
   
(c)
a proceeding under the Involuntary Psychiatric Treatment Act, by filing a notice of involuntary psychiatric treatment application;
   
(d)
a judicial review under the Hospitals Act, by filing a notice for judicial review.
  (3) Procedure on the applications and review is governed by this Rule 60A and the Rules outside this Rule apply, unless those Rules are inconsistent with this Rule or applicable legislation.
  (4) An interlocutory step in a proceeding or a motion may be made in accordance with Part 6 - Motions as modified by this Rule.
       
Child Protection
Starting a child protection application
60A.02 (1) An agency that starts a child protection application under Section 32 of the Children and Family Services Act may file a notice of application in court.
  (2) An agency that starts a child protection application under this Rule 60A.02 must request a court officer, or a judge, to appoint a time and date for the interim hearing of the application.
  (3) The provisions of Rule 31 - Notice about giving notice of a proceeding, including the requirement to deliver a copy of a document that is filed to each other party immediately before or after it is filed, apply to an application under this Rule 60A.02.
  (4) A judge may require notice, waive notice, and give directions for effecting notice.
  (5) A judge may make an order to designate an address for service to a party who has not designated an address under Rule 31 - Notice.
       
Notice of child protection application
60A.03 (1) A notice of a child protection application must have a standard heading written in accordance with Rule 82 - Administration of Civil Proceedings, be entitled “Notice of Child Protection Application”, be dated and signed, and conform with all of the requirements for a notice of application in court under Rule 5.07, except for each of the following differences:
   
(a)
the description of the order applied for must identify the child by full name, birth date and sex, and must state that the order is to determine whether the child is in need of protective services under the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
the grounds for the order must include a reference to the clause in subsection 22(2) of the Children and Family Services Act relied on;
   
(c)
instead of including a notice of motion for directions, it must include a notice of the time, date, and place for a hearing, as soon as practicable and no later than five working days after the child has been taken into care or the application is made, whichever is sooner, to grant an interim order that there are reasonable and probable grounds to believe that the child is in need of protective services;
   
(d)
the notice of the time and date must include a statement that the interim hearing is required to be held as soon as practicable and no later than five working days after the child has been taken into care or the application is made, whichever is sooner;
   
(e)
notice that the respondent may file an affidavit;
   
(f)
a notice of motion for directions and affidavit in support are not required;
   
(g)
the statement about proceeding in the absence of the respondent must refer to attendance at the interim hearing, instead of the hearing of the motion for directions;
   
(h)
a statement to the respondent that the respondent may retain and instruct counsel, be represented by counsel at the hearing, and seek legal aid services.
  (2) The notice of a child protection application may be in Form 60A.03.
  (3) The affidavit in support of a child protection application must include evidence of the reasonable and probable grounds relied on by the agency for the claim that the child is in need of protective services.
  (4) An agency must, immediately after starting an application, obtain and file a certified extract from the Registration of Birth for each child who is the subject of the application.
       
Place of application
60A.04 (1) A notice of a child protection application must be filed in the office of the Family Division closest to the child’s place of ordinary residence, unless a judge directs otherwise or, if the child has no ordinary residence in the province, in any office of the Family Division.
  (2) A child protection application must be heard in a court house in which the Family Division sits that is closest to the child’s place of ordinary residence, unless a judge directs otherwise.
  (3) A judge may direct that the file for a child protection proceeding be transferred from the office of the Family Division at one place to the office of the Family Division at another place.
  (4) A judge may direct that a child protection proceeding be transferred from the jurisdiction of the Family Division to the jurisdiction of the Family Court for the Province of Nova Scotia.
       
Parent or guardian under the age of majority
60A.05   A parent or guardian who is under the age of majority need not commence or defend a proceedings by a litigation guardian, unless a judge orders otherwise.
       
Appointing litigation guardian for a child
60A.06   A person who wishes to be appointed to act as litigation guardian for a child under the Children and Family Services Act must file a consent to act as litigation guardian and a certificate confirming that they have no interest in the proceeding adverse to the interests of the child.
       
Taking child into care
60A.07 (1) An agent who takes a child into care under subsection 33(1) of the Children and Family Services Act must immediately file a notice of taking into care under this Rule 60A.07.
  (2) The notice of taking a child into care must have a heading that refers to the Children and Family Services Act and the purpose of the notice, be entitled in either of the following ways:
   
(a)
in the case where the taking into care is before starting a child protection application, “ In the matter of giving notice of taking a child into care under subsection 33(2) of the Children and Family Services Act before starting a child protection application”;
   
(b)
in the case where the taking into care is after starting a child protection application, “Notice of Taking Into Care”.
  (3) The notice of taking into care before starting a child protection application must be dated and signed, and contain all of the following:
   
(a)
notice that the agent has taken a child into care, identifying the child, stating that there are reasonable and probable grounds to believe that the child is in need of protective services and that the child’s health and safety can only be adequately protected by taking the child into care;
   
(b)
a statement that an interim hearing must be held within the time required under the Children and Family Services Act to determine whether there are reasonable and probable grounds to believe the child is in need of protective services;
   
(c)
a statement to the respondent that the respondent may retain and instruct counsel, be represented by counsel at the hearing, and seek legal aid services.
  (4) A notice of taking a child into care before a child protection application is started must include a statement that the agency will start a child protection application as soon as practicable and no later than five working days after the child was taken into care, and indicate the grounds under subsection 22(2) of the Children and Family Services Act agency relies on.
  (5) A notice of taking into care after a child protection application is started must be dated and signed, and contain all of the following:
   
(a)
notice that the agent has taken a child into care which sufficiently identifies the child; and
     
(i)
a statement that there are reasonable and probable grounds to believe that the child is in need of protective services and that the child’s health and safety can only be adequately protected by taking the child into care; or
     
(ii)
a statement that the person in whose care and custody the child was placed has not complied with an order of the court which placed the child in the care of that person subject to the supervision of the agency;
   
(b)
a statement that a hearing must be held within the time required under the Children and Family Services Act to determine whether the order should be reviewed and varied.
  (6) A notice of taking into care made before a protection application is started may be in Form 60A.07 and a notice of taking into care made after starting a child protection application is started may be in
Form 60A.07A.
       
Conduct of protection hearing
60A.08   A protection hearing may be conducted in accordance with Rule 25.04 of Rule 25 - Motion by Appointment.
       
Consolidation of proceedings
60A.09   The court may order that a child protection proceeding be consolidated with another proceeding involving custody or access to a child, including a proceeding under the Children and Family Services Act.
       
Interim hearing
60A.10 (1) At the start of an interim hearing under Section 39 of the Children and Family Services Act, the judge may do any of the following:
   
(a)
determine whether a child is a party and entitled to representation in accordance with Section 37 of the Children and Family Services Act and give directions on the child’s status in the proceeding, representation, presence at hearings, participation, and disclosure and notice;
   
(b)
determine whether a person is the child’s parent or guardian;
   
(c)
determine whether a person who is found to be a parent or guardian has had any involvement with the child for an extended period of time;
   
(d)
give directions about notice and disclosure to a parent or guardian who the judge finds has not had any involvement with the child for an extended period of time;
   
(e)
inquire into whether the agency has made disclosure in accordance with subsection 38(1) of the Children and Family Services Act.
  (2) A judge who finds the agency has not made disclosure may order disclosure and discovery under Part 5 - Disclosure and Discovery.
  (3) A party at an interim hearing under subsection 39(1) of the Children and Family Services Act may offer an expert opinion without filing it, despite Rule 55.02 of Rule 55 - Expert Opinion, for either of the following purposes:
   
(a)
determining whether there are reasonable and probable grounds to believe that the child is in need of protective services;
   
(b)
whether the application should be dismissed under subsection 39(2) of the Children and Family Services Act.
  (4) A judge who does either of the following under the Children and Family Services Act may act on affidavit evidence or, if permitted by the judge, oral evidence, to determine whether there are reasonable and probable grounds to believe that a child is in need of protective services:
   
(a)
dismisses the application, under subsection 39(2) of the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
adjourns the interim hearing and makes an interim order pending completion of the interim hearing, under subsection 39(3) of the Children and Family Services Act.
  (5) An interim order granted when adjournment is made under subsection 39(3) of the Children and Family Services Act must provide that the order expires on the earlier of one of the following dates:
   
(a)
the date of the completion of the deadline for an interim hearing provided in subsection 39(4) of the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
a date set by a judge that is no later than is necessary to complete the interim hearing.
  (6) An agency that has taken a child into care after a proceeding is started and seeks an order to vary an interim order must make the motion to vary as soon as possible and file the notice of motion no less than two days before the day of the hearing, unless the other party agrees or the court orders otherwise.
       
Disclosure and discovery
60A.11 (1) A witness in a proceeding may only be discovered under an order for discovery after the interim hearing is completed.
  (2) A child may only be questioned on discovery if the court permits and on the terms the court directs.
  (3) A judge may order information that may be emotionally harmful to a child who participates in a proceeding be kept from the child.
       
Stay until mediation completed
60A.12 (1) A judge who is satisfied that it is in the interests of the child and that it is desirable for the parties to pursue a consensual resolution of the issues in dispute may order a stay during a mediation under subsection 21(2) of the Children and Family Services Act.
  (2) The order for a stay during mediation must be entitled “Order for Stay During Mediation”, include the standard heading, and contain all of the following:
   
(a)
a record of the judge’s findings that the respondents have been given notice of the child protection proceeding and the parties have appointed a mediator;
   
(b)
a statement of the issues the parties have agreed to mediate;
   
(c)
a provision for a stay of the proceeding until a specified date;
   
(d)
a statement that the mediator must file a report with the court and deliver a copy of the report to each party, or that the parties have agreed to a closed mediation and the mediator must not report to the court.
  (3) An order for a stay during mediation may contain a provision prescribing the limitations of what information should be disclosed in the report, such as the terms of an agreement or whether an agreement was not reached, and what information should not be disclosed in the report; or in the alternative, a provision that the report must contain unlimited information and not contain recommendations.
  (4) The order for stay during mediation may be in Form 60A.12.
       
Prehearing conference
60A.13 (1) A prehearing conference under Rule 26 - Conference must be held before a protection hearing and before a disposition hearing unless a judge directs otherwise.
  (2) A prehearing conference for a protection hearing may be combined with the protection hearing and a prehearing conference for a disposition hearing may be combined with the disposition hearing.
  (3) A judge may permit a court officer to conduct a prehearing conference.
  (4) An agency must file an affidavit providing current relevant evidence no less than ten days before the day of the prehearing conference.
       
Production of documents
60A.14   A judge who is satisfied on all of the following may order a person to deliver a copy of a document to the parties or the court, or to produce the original of a document for inspection by the parties or a judge:
   
(a)
the delivery or inspection is necessary for the fair disposition of the proceeding, or it will reduce costs;
   
(b)
the parties are notified of the motion for delivery or inspection;
   
(c)
the delivery or inspection is not injurious to the public interest
       
Protection hearing
60A.15 (1) A party must file a notice of intention to present the following kinds of evidence before a prehearing conference:
   
(a)
evidence admitted under subsection 96(1) of the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
a child’s testimony to be received by the court under subsection 96(3) of the Children and Family Services Act.
  (2) The motion for a protection order is heard by a judge at a protection hearing under Section 40 of the Children and Family Services Act.
  (3) A protection order is granted under Section 40 of the Children and Family Services Act.
       
Disposition hearing
60A.16 (1) When a judge finds that a child is in need of protective services, the court must schedule a prehearing conference to organize a disposition hearing.
  (2) An agency in a proceeding in which the judge finds a child to be in need of protective services must file a notice of motion for a disposition order no later than ten days before the prehearing conference scheduled as a result of a finding that a child is in need of protective services and the agency must file an affidavit providing the current relevant evidence and the agency plan for the child’s care with the notice.
  (3) The motion for a disposition order is heard by a judge at a disposition hearing under Section 41 of the Children and Family Services Act.
  (4) A disposition order is granted under Section 42 of the Children and Family Services Act.
  (5) The notice of motion for a disposition order must contain the standard heading, be entitled “Notice of Motion for Disposition Order”, be dated and signed, and conform with the requirements for a notice of motion in chambers, except for the following differences:
   
(a)
the notice of the time and date when, and the place where, the motion is to be heard is for the pre-hearing conference or the disposition hearing;
   
(b)
the provision for references is not included;
   
(c)
the statement of the evidence in support of the motion is to include a reference to the agency’s plan for the child’s care;
   
(d)
a statement to the respondent that the respondent may retain and instruct counsel, be represented by counsel at the hearing, and seek legal aid services.
  (6) The notice of motion for disposition order may be in Form 60A.16.
       
Agency plan for disposition hearing
60A.17 (1) The agency’s plan for the child’s care must contain the standard heading, be entitled “Agency Plan for the Child’s Care”, be dated and signed, and include all of the following:
   
(a)
a description of the disposition order sought;
   
(b)
a description of services to be provided;
   
(c)
a statement of the criteria the agency will use to determine when its care and custody or supervision are no longer required;
   
(d)
an estimate of the time the agency requires to achieve the agency’s intervention.
  (2) An agency that proposes to remove the child from the care of a parent or guardian, must include all of the following in the plan:
   
(a)
an explanation of why the child cannot be adequately protected while in the care of the parent or guardian;
   
(b)
a description of the past and present services, including those attempted but failed, refused, or considered but would be inadequate, along with the reasons for any failure, refusal, or inadequacy;
   
(c)
information on possible placements of the child that have been considered and rejected, and the reasons for the rejection;
   
(d)
a statement of the proposed efforts to maintain the child’s contact with the parent or guardian.
  (3) An agency that proposes the child be placed in temporary care and custody of the agency, must include all of the following in the plan:
   
(a)
a description of the child’s needs in reference to the findings of assessments;
   
(b)
a statement of the goals for the temporary care and custody, and objectives to achieve the goals;
   
(c)
a statement of the educational program for the child;
   
(d)
a statement of how the child’s parents or guardian will be involved in the care plan;
   
(e)
details of any specialized services to be provided;
   
(f)
the dates for review of the care plan or its revision;
   
(g)
a statement of the anticipated plan at final disposition;
   
(h)
a statement of whether the child has brothers or sisters living in the same family unit and the steps taken to keep them all in the same family unit or to do otherwise;
   
(i)
an explanation of the steps taken to maintain contact with the child’s relatives and friends;
   
(j)
an explanation of the steps taken to preserve the child’s cultural, racial, and linguistic heritage;
   
(k)
an explanation of the steps taken for the continuity of the child’s education and religion.
  (4) An agency that proposes the child be placed in permanent care and custody of the agency, must include all of the following in the plan:
   
(a)
a statement of why the circumstances justifying the proposal are unlikely to change within a reasonably foreseeable time not exceeding the maximum time limits, based on the age of the child, set out in subsection 45(1) of the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
a description of the arrangements for the child’s long-term stable placement;
   
(c)
a statement of the access, if any, proposed for the child and any terms and conditions for access;
   
(d)
an explanation of the placement with a family in relation to preserving the child’s own religious faith, culture, race, and language.
  (5) The agency’s plan for the child’s care may be in Form 60A.17.
       
Kinds of disposition orders
60A.18   The following kinds of disposition orders made after a hearing under subsection 42(1) of the Children and Family Services Act must be made in accordance with the following Rules:
   
(a)
an order of dismissal, Rule 60A.19;
   
(b)
a supervision order, Rule 60A.20;
   
(c)
an order for temporary care and custody, Rule 60A.21;
   
(d)
an order for permanent care and custody, Rule 60A.22.
       
Order of dismissal
60A.19 (1) An order of dismissal at the conclusion of a disposition hearing under Section 42 of the Children and Family Services Act must contain the standard heading, be entitled “Order of Dismissal”, and include both of the following:
   
(a)
a record of the judge’s finding that the child, whose name and date of birth must be stated, was in need of protective services in reference to the applicable clause in subsection 22(2) of the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
a provision that the proceeding respecting the child is dismissed.
  (2) The order of dismissal may be in Form 60A.19.
       
Supervision order
60A.20 (1) A supervision order must contain the standard heading, be entitled “Supervision Order”, and include all of the following:
   
(a)
a record of the judge’s finding that the child, whose name and date of birth must be stated, was in need of protective services with a reference to the applicable clause in subsection 22(2) of the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
a record that affidavits were filed, evidence was heard;
   
(c)
a record that the child’s birth certificate, or other proof of birth, was filed or a statement that the judge found it is not practicable to do so;
   
(d)
a provision that the child is to remain in the care and custody of the parent or guardian or other person, but under the supervision of the agency;
   
(e)
the terms and conditions of supervision, if any;
   
(f)
a provision granting the agency the right to enter the residence of the child;
   
(g)
a statement of the time and date when the supervision order will be reviewed by a judge.
  (2) The supervision order may be in Form 60A.20.
       
Order for temporary care and custody
60A.21 (1) An order for temporary care and custody must contain the standard heading, be entitled “Order for Temporary Care and Custody”, and include all of the following:
   
(a)
a record of the judge’s finding that the child, whose name and date of birth must be stated, was in need of protective services with a reference to the applicable clause in subsection 22(2) of the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
a record that affidavits were filed, evidence was heard;
   
(c)
a record that the child’s birth certificate, or other proof of birth, was filed or a statement that the judge found it is non-practicable to do so;
   
(d)
a record that the judge’s finding that less intrusive alternatives, including services to promote the integrity of the family have been attempted and have failed, have been refused by the parent or guardian or would be inadequate to protect the child;
   
(e)
a record that the judge considered whether it was possible to place the child with a relative, neighbour, or other member of the child’s community or extended family;
   
(f)
a provision that the child be placed in the temporary care and custody of the agency;
   
(g)
the terms and conditions of temporary care and custody, if any;
   
(h)
a statement of when the child is to be returned to the care and custody of the parent or guardian, if the child is to be returned;
   
(i)
a statement of the time and date when the order for temporary care and custody will be reviewed by the court.
  (2) The order for temporary care and custody may be in Form 60A.21.
       
Order for permanent care and custody
60A.22 (1) An order for permanent care and custody must contain the standard heading, be entitled “Order for Permanent Care and Custody”, and include all of the following:
   
(a)
a record of the judge’s finding that the child, whose name and date of birth must be stated, was in need of protective services with a reference to the applicable clause in subsection 22(2) of the Children and Family Services Act;
   
(b)
a record that affidavits were filed, evidence was heard and the child’s birth certificate, or other proof of birth, was filed;
   
(c)
a record of the judge’s finding that less intrusive alternatives, including services to promote the integrity of the family have been attempted and have failed, have been refused by the parent or guardian or would be inadequate to protect the child;
   
(d)
a record that the judge considered whether it was possible to place the child with a relative, neighbour or other member of the child’s community or extended family;
   
(e)
a record of the judge’s finding that the circumstances justifying the order of permanent care and custody are unlikely to change within a reasonably foreseeable time not exceeding the maximum time limits under the Children and Family Services Act for the child to be returned to the parent or guardian;
   
(f)
a provision that the child be placed in the permanent care and custody of the agency.
  (2) The order for permanent care and custody may be in Form 60A.22.
       
Separate order for each child
60A.23   A judge who determines to make an order of dismissal, or an order for permanent care and custody, in a proceeding involving more than one child must make a separate order for each child who is the subject of the proceeding.
       
Review of order
60A.24 (1) A party may make a motion for a judge to review an order under Section 46 of the Children and Family Services Act by filing a notice of motion in chambers.
  (2) An agency that seeks a change in placement, access, or services must file a revised agency plan or a new agency plan for the child’s care, providing the latest information, updates, changes and additions to the plan, with the agency’s affidavit in support of the motion.
  (3) A revised agency plan must show the revisions as being underlined or otherwise highlighted.
  (4) An agency that takes a child into care after a supervision order is made must make a motion to review the order as soon as practicable but no later than five working days after the child is taken into care or the application is made, whichever is sooner.
  (5) A judge who hears a motion to review an order before the expiry of the order may adjourn the review hearing and make a disposition order other than an order for permanent care and custody, within the time limits in subsection 43(4) and 45(1) of the Children and Family Services Act.
       
Terminating order for permanent care and custody
60A.25 (1) An application to terminate an order for permanent care and custody may be started by filing a notice of application in court.
  (2) The application must include the following statements:
   
(a)
the party is authorized to make the application under Section 48 of the Children and Family Services Act; or
   
(b)
the party has obtained an order granting permission under clause 48(6)(c) of the Children and Family Services Act, to make the application.
   
(c)
the party has given sufficient notice to the agency that has care and custody of the child and to all other parties to the proceeding in which the child was placed in permanent care and custody.
  (3) A party who is required to obtain permission under clause 48(6)(c) of the Children and Family Services Act must obtain an order before the party files an application to terminate an order for permanent care and custody.
  (4) An order made under clause 48(8(c) of the Children and Family Services Act that directs supervision by the agency, and adjourns the hearing of an application to terminate an order for permanent care and custody and directs the placement of the child in the care and custody of a parent or guardian, must contain everything required in a supervision order under Rule 60A.20, except for the following differences:
   
(a)
the first paragraph in the order must state that an application was made to terminate the order for permanent care and custody respecting the child, whose name and birth must be stated, instead of recording the judge’s findings;
   
(b)
the order must include a provision adjourning the hearing.
  (5) An order made under clause 48(8)(d) of the Children and Family Services Act that directs supervision by the agency, and adjourns the hearing of an application to terminate an order for permanent care and custody and directs the placement of the child in the care and custody of a person other than a parent or guardian, must contain everything required in a supervision order under Rule 60A.20, except for the following differences:
   
(a)
the first paragraph must state that an application was made to terminate the order for permanent care and custody and to place the child in the care of a person other than a parent or guardian, but under the supervision by the agency, instead of recording the judge’s findings;
   
(b)
the order must include a provision adjourning the hearing;
   
(c)
the provision required by Rule 60A.20(1)(d) must instead provide that the child is to remain in the care and custody of a person other than a parent or guardian.
  (6) An application for one of the following kinds of orders must be heard no more than the following number of days after the day the notice of application is filed:
   
(a)
to terminate an order for permanent care and custody, ninety days;
   
(b)
the permission to apply to terminate an order for permanent care and custody under clause 48(6)(c) of the Children and Family Services Act, sixty days.
       
Varying or terminating access under order for permanent care and custody
60A.26 (1) A party who wishes to have access under an order for permanent care and custody varied or terminated under subsections 48(3) or (5) of the Children and Family Services Act may do so by notice of application.
  (2) The application may be started by filing a notice of application.
  (3) The notice of application must state that the application is being made under subsection 48(3) or (5) of the Children and Family Services Act and is to either vary or terminate access under an order for permanent care and custody.
  (4) The application must be heard no more than sixty days after the notice of application is filed.
       
Extension of Permanent Care and Custody
60A.27 (1) A party who wishes to extend an order of permanent care and custody until the child reaches twenty-one years of age under subsection, 48(1) of the Children and Family Services Act, may file a notice of application in chambers.
  (2) An agency who applies to extend the order of permanent care and custody must request a court officer, or a judge, to set a date for the hearing of the application and deliver a copy of the notice to the child at least ten days before the day of the hearing.
  (3) A child who applies to extend the order of permanent care and custody must request a court officer, or a judge to set a date for the hearing of the application and deliver a copy of the notice to the agency at least ten days before the day of the hearing.
       
Locate and Detain
60A.28 (1) A person who wishes to obtain an order to locate and detain a child under subsection 29(1) of the Children and Family Services Act may file an ex parte application in chambers.
  (2) A person who wishes to obtain an order to locate and detain a child must do both of the following:
   
(a)
request a court officer, or a judge, to set a date for the hearing of the application;
   
(b)
file an affidavit that establishes the ground for the order, including evidence demonstrating that the child has withdrawn from the care and control of the child’s parent, guardian, or agency without consent and evidence establishing reasonable and probable grounds for believing that the child’s health or safety may be at risk.
  (3) The locate and detain order may be in Form 60A.28.
       
Application for order keeping person away from child
60A.29 (1) An agency that wishes to start an application for a protective-intervention order under Section 30 of the Children and Family Services Act may file a notice of application for a protective-intervention order in court in accordance with this Rule 60A.29.
  (2) An agency that wishes to start an application for a protective-intervention order under this Rule 60A.29 must request a court officer, or a judge, to set down the hearing of the application and provide two days notice to the respondent.
  (3) The provisions of Rule 31 - Notice about giving notice of an originating document apply to an application under this Rule 60A.29.
  (4) The notice of application for a protective-intervention order must have a standard heading written in accordance with Rule 84 - Court Records, be entitled “Notice of Application for Protective-intervention Order”, be dated and signed, and conform with all of the requirements for a notice of application in court under Rule 5, except for each of the following differences:
   
(a)
the description of the order applied for must identify the child by full name, birth date and sex, state that the order is to determine whether the person who is the subject of the application should cease to reside with the child, not contact the child or associate with the child, and give details of any terms and conditions sought by the agency;
   
(b)
the grounds for the order must include that the person’s contact with the child is causing, or is likely to cause, the child to be in need of protective services;
  (5) A motion to vary, terminate, or extend a protective-intervention order may be made by filing a notice of motion, and Rules 60A.29(3) and (4) apply to the motion as if the motion were an original application.
       
Minister’s application for authorization to provide treatment
60A.30 (1) The Minister may start an application under Section 61 of the Children and Family Services Act, concerning consent to treatment, by filing a notice of application in chambers.
  (2) The application must be supported by the opinions provided by two medical experts.
  (3) The notice of application must contain a statement that the respondent may retain and instruct counsel, be represented by counsel at the hearing, and seek legal aid services.
       
Application for finding to be entered in Child Abuse Register
60A.31 (1) An application by the Minister or the agency for a finding of abuse for the purpose of entry in the Child Abuse Register under subsection 63(3) of the Children and Family Services Act may be started by filing a notice of application in chambers.
  (2) The notice of application must conform with the requirements for a notice of application under Rule 5.03(2), except for the following differences:
   
(a)
the provision entitled “Possible order against you” must instead of the current provision state as follows: “The judge may make a finding of abuse for the purpose of entering your name in the Child Abuse Register. The entry will affect your ability to become a foster parent an adoptive parent, or to obtain some kinds of employment, or work as a volunteer caring for or working with children.”;
   
(b)
the notice of application must contain a statement that the respondent may retain and instruct counsel, be represented by counsel at the hearing, and seek legal aid services.
  (3) The person whose name is intended to be entered in the Child Abuse Register must be named as the respondent.
  (4) The Minister or an agency that wishes to start an application for a finding of abuse for the purpose of entries in the Child Abuse Register must request a court officer or a judge to appoint a time and date for directions and to set down the hearing of the application.
  (5) The provision of Rule 31 - Notice about giving notice of an originating document apply to an application under the Rule 60A.31.
       
Removal of name in Child Abuse Register
60A.32 (1) An application for removal of a person’s name in the Child Abuse Register may be started by filing an application for removal from register.
  (2) The Minister or agency who obtained the finding of abuse must be named as respondent.
  (3) The application for removal of name must contain the standard heading written in accordance with Rule 82 - Administration of Civil Proceedings, be entitled “Application for Removal from Child Abuse Register”, be dated and signed, and contain all of the following:
   
(a)
a notice of application for removal of name from the Child Abuse Register;
   
(b)
a statement that the person does not pose a risk to children, with reasons;
   
(c)
a request for an order to remove the person’s name from the Child Abuse Register;
   
(d)
the address for delivery of documents to the applicant;
   
(e)
a reference to a true copy of the written notice of registration received by the person from the Child Abuse Register, attached as an exhibit to the application.
  (4) The application for removal of name may be in Form 60A.32.
       
Access to files and records
60A.33   Only the following persons may have access to the files and records of the court respecting a proceeding under the Children and Family Services Act:
   
(a)
a party, unless the party is a child and the judge at an interim hearing under Rule 60A.10(1)(a), or at any time under Rule 60A.11(3) makes an order to prevent emotional harm to the child;
   
(b)
counsel for a party;
   
(c)
any other person as directed by the judge on the motion of the person, with notice to the parties if the court directs, subject to the judge making an order to prohibit publication of a report of the proceeding or hearing under Section 94 of the Children and Family Services Act.
       
Admitting evidence from other proceeding
60A.34   A party who seeks to have evidence admitted from another proceeding respecting a child, under subsection 96(1) of the Children and Family Services Act, must fully describe the evidence in the notice of motion or list the evidence as an attachment to the notice.
       
Settlement Conferences
60A.35   The provisions in Rule 59 - Family Division Rules about settlement conferences apply to child and adult protection proceedings.
       
Adult Protection
Definition
60A.36   In Rules 60A.35 to 60A.41, “adult protection Rules” means Rules 60A.35 to 60A.41.
       
Scope of adult protection Rules
60A.37 (1) The adult protection Rules provide for procedures under the Adult Protection Act.
  (2) An original proceeding under the Adult Protection Act is started by filing a notice of application, in accordance with the adult protection Rules.
  (3) An interlocutory proceeding under the Adult Protection Act is started in accordance with Part 6 - Motions, as modified by the adult protection Rules.
  (4) An adult protection application proceeding is governed by the adult protection Rules and the Rules outside Part 12 - Family Proceedings.
       
Starting an adult protection application
60A.38 (1) The Minister may make an adult protection application by filing a notice of application in accordance with the adult protection Rules.
  (2) The person in respect of whom the application is made or some person having custody or control of that person and, where applicable, the person against whom a protective intervention order may be made, must be named as the respondent.
  (3) A judge may direct that notice of an adult protection application be given to a relative of, and any other person with an interest in, the person in respect of whom the application is made.
  (4) A person who wishes to be appointed to act as litigation guardian for an adult under the Adult Protection Act must file a consent to act as litigation guardian and a certificate confirming that they have no interest in the proceeding adverse to the interests of the party.
  (5) The provisions of Rule 31 - Notice about giving notice of a proceeding, including the requirement to deliver a copy of a document that is filed to each other party immediately before or after it is filed, apply to an application under the adult protection Rules.
  (6) A judge may make an order to designate an address for service to a party who has not designated an address in accordance with Rule 31 - Notice.
       
Notice of adult protection application
60A.39 (1) A notice of adult protection application must contain the standard heading written in accordance with Rule 82 - Administration of Civil Proceedings, be entitled “Notice of Adult Protection Application”, be dated and signed, and conform with the requirements for a notice of application in court under Rule 5.07 except as provided in this Rule 60A.38.
  (2) A notice of adult protection application must, in the description of the order applied for, include a claim for a declaration that the respondent for whose benefit the application is brought is an adult in need of protection, and that the respondent is either not competent to decide whether or not to accept the assistance of the Minister or is refusing assistance because of duress.
  (3) The description of the order applied for may include a claim for an order authorizing the Minister to provide services to the respondent under clause 9(3)(c) of the Adult Protection Act or for a protective intervention order under clause 9(3)(d) of the Adult Protection Act.
  (4) The statement of grounds for order, in the notice of adult protection application, must include the following in reference to the following orders:
   
(a)
for an order that a person is an adult in need of protection, the reasons why the person is in need of protection and how the person is not mentally competent to decide whether or not to accept the assistance of the Minister or the grounds for finding that the person is refusing assistance because of duress;
   
(b)
for an order authorizing the Minister to provide the person with services, or a protective intervention order, the grounds for a finding that it is in the best interests of the person.
  (5) A notice of adult protection application may be in Form 60A.39.
       
Notice of adult protection application (after removal)
60A.40 (1) A notice of application for an order under subsection 10(2) of the Adult Protection Act must conform with the requirements for a notice of adult protection application under Rule 60A.38(1), except for both of the following:
   
(a)
the notice must be entitled “Notice of Adult Protection Application (After Removal)”;
   
(b)
the notice must state that the Minister removed the respondent for whose benefit the application is made and include the date the removal took place.
  (2) Notice must be given as provided in subsection 10(2) of the Adult Protection Act.
  (3) A notice of adult protection after removal application may be in Form 60A.40.
  (4) The statement of grounds for order, in the notice of adult protection application (after removal), must include the following in reference to the following orders:
   
(a)
for an order that a person is an adult in need of protection, the reasons why the person is in need of protection and how the person is not mentally competent to decide whether or not to accept the assistance of the Minister or the grounds for finding that the person is refusing assistance because of duress;
   
(b)
for an order authorizing the Minister to provide the person with services, or a protective intervention order, the grounds for a finding that it is in the best interests of the person.
       
Place of application
60A.41 (1) A notice of adult protection application must be filed in the office of the Family Division closest to the adult’s place of ordinary residence, unless a judge directs otherwise or, if the adult has no ordinary residence in the province, in any office of the Family Division in which the agency files the notice.
  (2) An adult protection application must be heard at the location of the court in the court house in which the Family Division sits that is closest to the adult’s place of ordinary residence, unless a judge directs otherwise.
  (3) A judge may direct that the file for an adult protection proceeding be transferred from the office of the Family Division at one place to the office of the Family Division at another place.
  (4) A judge may direct that an adult protection proceeding be transferred from the jurisdiction of the Family Division to the jurisdiction of the Family Court for the Province of Nova Scotia.
       
Motion to vary, review or terminate order
60A.42   A motion to vary, review or terminate an order under subsection 9(6) of the Adult Protection Act may be made in accordance with Part 6 - Motions, to the extent that Part is consistent with subsection 9(6).
       
Access to files and records
60A.43   The provisions in Rule 59 – Family Division Rules about access to files and records apply, with necessary changes, to adult protection files and records.
       

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