Judicial Conduct

When one side or the other in a legal dispute thinks the judge has come to the wrong decision, our justice system allows that person to appeal the decision to a higher Court. Appeal Courts can reverse or vary decisions of other judges.

When someone believes a judge’s conduct or behaviour is of serious concern, or that a judge is not fit to be on the bench, our system allows that person to file a complaint.

Federal vs. Provincial Judges

In Canada, judges of the superior Courts are appointed by the federal government, while judges of the provincial courts are appointed by the provincial governments.

In Nova Scotia, judges of the Court of Appeal, the Supreme Court, and the Supreme Court - Family Division are federally appointed, while judges of the Provincial and Family Courts are provincially appointed.

CLICK HERE FOR MORE INFORMATION ON HOW JUDGES ARE APPOINTED >>


How do I file a complaint?

Complaints against Provincial Judges

Provincial judges include those on the Provincial and Family Courts of Nova Scotia, as well as the Chief Judge and Associate Chief Judges of those Courts. Complaint procedures for provincial judges are governed by the PROVINCIAL COURT ACT >>
 
If you believe the conduct of a provincial judge is improper, on or off the bench, you may file a written complaint with the Chief Judge. Complaints should be mailed to:
 
If you have a complaint about the conduct of the Chief Judge or an Associate Chief Judge of the Provincial Court or Family Court, that must be sent in writing to:
 
PLEASE NOTE:
In order to be considered an official complaint under the Provincial Court Act, complaints must be submitted in writing and include all of the following information:
your name and signature
your contact information
the judge's name
the Court
as much detail as possible about the alleged misconduct (i.e. date, case, etc.)
       
Chief Judge of the Provincial
and Family Courts
Dartmouth Provincial Court
277 Pleasant St., Suite 200
Dartmouth, N.S.
B2Y 4B7
  Chief Justice of Nova Scotia
The Law Courts
1815 Upper Water St.
Halifax, N.S.
B3J 1S7
 
 
CLICK HERE FOR A PRINTABLE BROCHURE ON CONDUCT & THE NOVA SCOTIA JUDICIAL COUNCIL >>  
 

What happens to my complaint against a judge of the Provincial or Family Court?

For more information on the Nova Scotia Judicial Council and the complaint process, please refer to the PROVINCIAL COURT ACT >

Complaints against Federal Judges

 

 

The Canadian Judicial Council and the Nova Scotia Judicial Council CANNOT:
overturn or change a decision of a judge
grant appeals
address demands for a new trial
compensate individuals
investigate general complaints about the Courts or the Judiciary as a whole
investigate complaints about unnamed judges
investigate complaints about court staff or lawyers
Federal judges include those on the Court of Appeal, the Supreme Court and the Supreme Court - Family Division, as well as the Chief Justice and Associate Chief Justices of these Courts.
If you believe the conduct of a federal judge is improper, on or off the bench, you may file a written complaint with the CANADIAN JUDICIAL COUNCIL >> The CJC is the national body, created under the JUDGES ACT >> respsonsible for the accountability and quality of judicial service on the superior Courts of Canada.
CLICK HERE FOR A PRINTABLE BROCHURE ON FEDERAL JUDGES & THE CJC >>